The Horse

MAR 2019

The Horse:Your Guide To Equine Health Care provides monthly equine health care information to horse owners, breeders, veterinarians, barn/farm managers, trainer/riding instructors, and others involved in the hands-on care of the horse.

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16 March 2019 The Horse | 3 Anticipate what your veterinarian might need. If they're breeding, they'll need warm water so, if it's winter, make sure the water is turned on. If they're performing radiography or ultrasound, they'll need a power source. If they're doing a lameness examination, they'll need an unobstructed place for the horse to move around while they're observing. "No environment, especially out on the farm, is going to be perfect, but certainly having access to power and a light source, especially if it's an emergency or at the end of the day when natural sunlight is lacking, is imperative," First says. "Some of our equipment can operate on batter- ies, but some can't. Even an extension cord to the barn or providing a standing light source is helpful." 4 Keep a running list of questions. "It happens to me when I take my truck to the shop," Borders says. "I'll have two or three things that I thought of before, but if I didn't write them down, I'll probably forget them until I leave the shop. Then I have to make (and pay for) another trip. But if I'd kept a list, (the mechanic) could address the issue and save us both time." First says she encourages clients to write their questions down and take them directly to their veterinarians, rather than perusing websites where they might get false information. Once your veterinarian sees your horse and makes a diagnosis, he or she might point you toward additional informa- tion. "I will sometimes refer owners to reputable websites or send them articles on certain topics," says First. "And we frequently post relevant articles or infor- mation on our clinic's Facebook page and create client handouts on specific topics." 5 Teach your horse ground manners. Be sure, if age-appropriate, that your horse can lead, stand still, accept touch, and place his feet. And be prepared to hold your horse while the vet examines him (so have a halter, lead, and twitch available). "It may be the most broke horse in the world, but as a veterinarian, most of the time I'm going to ask something of that horse that he'd rather not do, even if it's as simple as giving an injection," Borders says. "So he needs to be under control." You know your horse and his tempera- ment best, so if there's something your veterinarian needs to be aware of, let him or her know. "Modern sedatives and anesthetics can allow us to work with issues if we know beforehand, but if I get blindsided by a behavioral issue, it can become a dangerous situation for everyone involved," says Borders. "I don't expect a yearling to have the same ground manners as a 5-year-old bridle horse, but the owner shouldn't expect me to 1) train their horse, or 2) get something accom- plished with that yearling that I could accomplish with the bridle horse." First adds, "We sometimes get the comment 'They don't kick,' but all horses do. It's just their option whether they choose to or not. I like to remind my owners that they're the usual caretakers and feed- givers, so their horse associates them with rewards. But we're trying to figure out what's going on, which usually involves a series of pokes for … drawing blood or getting them sedated. "Some horses are needle-shy and, when it comes to lameness exams, we're trying to elicit pain because the horse can't tell us where it hurts," she adds. "So our re- lationship with the patient is going to be different than the owner's and, thus, the horse might react differently." Also consider that a painful or uncom- fortable horse might not act like himself. 6 Have horses caught and ready. When the veterinarian arrives, have your horse haltered and in hand (or in cross-ties or in the stall), and make sure you're dressed appropriately to assist (e.g., no flip-flops!). Get your horse clean enough so the veterinarian can see cuts, IT'S YOUR CALL BRIEF SUMMARY (For full prescribing information, see package insert.) CAUTION: Federal (USA) law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian. DESCRIPTION: Domperidone is a D2 dopamine receptor antagonist. The chemical formula is 6-chloro-3-[1-[3-(2- oxo-3H-benzimidazol-1-yl) propyl]piperi- din-4-yl]-1H-benzimidazol-2-one. INDICATION: For prevention of fescue toxicosis in periparturient mares. Contraindication: Horses with hypersen- sitivity to domperidone should not receive EQUIDONE Gel. WARNINGS: Failure of passive transfer of immunoglobulins (IgG) may occur when using EQUIDONE Gel even in the absence of leakage of colostrum or milk. All foals born to mares treated with EQUIDONE Gel should be tested for serum IgG concen- trations. Do not use in horses intended for human consumption. HUMAN WARNINGS: Not for use in humans. For oral use in animals only. Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children. Pregnant and lactating women should use caution when handling EQUIDONE Gel, as systemic exposure to domperidone may affect reproductive hormones. Consult a physician in case of accidental human exposure. PRECAUTIONS: EQUIDONE Gel may lead to premature birth, low birth weight foals or foal morbidity if administered >15 days prior to the expected foaling date. Accurate breeding date(s) and an expected foaling date are needed for the safe use of EQUIDONE Gel. Do not use in horses with suspected or confirmed gastrointestinal blockage, as domperidone is a prokinetic drug (it stimu - lates gut motility). ADVERSE REACTIONS: The most common adverse reactions associated with treatment with EQUIDONE Gel are premature lactation (dripping of milk prior to foaling) and failure of passive transfer. Distributed by: Dechra Veterinary Products 7015 College Boulevard, Suite 525 Overland Park, KS 66211, 866-933-2472 © 2016 Dechra Ltd. EQUIDONE is a registered trademark of Dechra Ltd. All rights reserved. NADA 141-314, Approved by FDA EQUIDONE ® Gel (domperidone) For oral use in horses only. If a horse has an inju- ry, just running a hose over it is enough so that when I get there, I can do a more detailed cleaning more quickly." DR. DANNY BORDERS

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