The Horse

NOV 2018

The Horse:Your Guide To Equine Health Care provides monthly equine health care information to horse owners, breeders, veterinarians, barn/farm managers, trainer/riding instructors, and others involved in the hands-on care of the horse.

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TheHorse.com | The Horse November 2018 69 "Your local county extension agent can offer ideas for systems that work well in your area, as well as provide information about local regulations that might influ- ence your manure management plan." Managing Urine "Once horses create a latrine area, they tend to continue to use it unless you change your horse's location, he alters behavior, or there is some other underly- ing medical factor," says Turner. "It is not all bad for a horse to use one general area for urination, as it often makes stall cleaning faster and easier." He recommends using a pelleted bed- ding product alone or in combination with flaked shavings to soak up urine. Turner cautions that bored horses might be inclined to eat shavings, which can create digestive problems, even impac- tions. He suggests using slow feeders and turnout to minimize this tendency. If strong urine odors and ammonia levels become an issue, you can apply a commercial product to help neutralize them. Thwarting Insects In any environment insects are nui- sances to horses and people alike. "The best approach to insect control is good sanitation as the foundational strategy," says Turner. "Minimize the presence of standing water and moist organic matter (e.g., soiled bedding, wet waste, and feed) where insects like to breed. At least every three days remove and compost manure to break the life cycle of fly reproduction. Apply insecticide per manufacturers' directions." Preserving Herd Health In areas such as California it's common to find boarding facilities that don't have available pasture. "Many of these facilities are drylot confinement operations, which create a new scenario of health concerns for owners, trainers, and veterinarians," says Potts. "Confinement of horses in a drylot environment amplifies possibilities for infectious disease outbreaks, simply due to the close-quarters living arrange- ments within these facilities." With that in mind, caretakers should adhere to routine vaccination schedules for all horses on the property. Take-Home Message Tending for horses that don't have pas- ture access requires sound management practices similar to those used with any other horse. Care and chores associated with drylot confinement, however, can be more labor-intensive for the owner. Pay attention to environmental challenges and herd health to make your job easier and help your horses to thrive physically and mentally. h PAM MACKENZIE A pelleted bedding product can help soak up urine in stalls and runs. No green grass in your horse's diet? TH 2018-11 Ask your vet about Elevate ® Available only through your veterinarian. Developed by: KPPvet.com, 859-873-2974 Horses without access to green grass are at risk for vitamin E de„ ciency. Meet your horse's critical requirement with Elevate.

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