The Horse

OCT 2018

The Horse:Your Guide To Equine Health Care provides monthly equine health care information to horse owners, breeders, veterinarians, barn/farm managers, trainer/riding instructors, and others involved in the hands-on care of the horse.

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Page 21 of 51

EXPOSED 22 October 2018 The Horse | | 22 October 2018 The Horse COURTESY THE CAPISTRANO DISPATCH I nfectious microbes can hit horse populations almost anywhere, causing illness and ruining horse owners' best-laid plans. Whether you keep a couple of horses on your farm to ride in your spare time or travel with your horse to competitions every weekend, no equid on any operation is 100% safe from infectious disease. What if you were stuck in the thick of an equine infectious disease outbreak? EXPOSED STACEY OKE, DVM, MSC Veterinarians ranging from private practitioners to public-health-centered professionals stay alert for infec- tious disease outbreaks because they can be a significant economic hit for horse owners and entire industries alike. What, however qualifies as a full-blown outbreak? Josie-Traub Dargatz, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVIM, emeritus professor of equine medicine at Colorado State Uni- versity's College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, in Fort Collins, says it's any disease occurring at a level above what is average or expected. "The designation of a disease situation as an outbreak is disease-agent- and location-dependent," she says. For example, Florida veterinarians diagnose an expected number of Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) cases annually. "Having EEE cases in Florida is not unusual, and they do occur every year," says Traub-Dargatz. "Seeing those cases in the Western U.S., however, would be abnormal and, therefore, could be considered an outbreak." In this article we'll take an in-depth look at the 22

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