The Horse

SEP 2018

The Horse:Your Guide To Equine Health Care provides monthly equine health care information to horse owners, breeders, veterinarians, barn/farm managers, trainer/riding instructors, and others involved in the hands-on care of the horse.

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26 THE HORSE September 2018 They'll then be vanned the 40 or so miles to TIEC, where they will complete a mandatory PAQ before being permitted to enter the competition stables. Central and South American horses will fly to Miami. After completing PAQ, those testing negative for the tick-borne disease equine piroplasmosis (see sidebar on the next page) will then ship to Wellington, Florida, where they'll rest and train before moving to TIEC. Piroplasmosis-positive horses will ship directly to their designated stabling in Tryon after completing quarantine at Miami. Horses from Australasia and the Far East not shipping with the European horses will fly to Chicago O'Hare, which is about 20 minutes from the designated quarantine facility in Arlington, Illinois. It's then a 12- to 14-hour drive to TIEC. The longest over-the-road journey will be taken by European horses whose national federations choose not to ship directly to Greenville-Spartanburg. These outliers must fly into JFK, make the ap- proximately two-hour drive north to the quarantine facility at Newburgh, New York, then van the 14-15 hours to Tryon. Disease Control All horses coming to the 2018 WEG must be vaccinated against equine in- fluenza and equine herpesviruses-1 and -4. Recommended by the state of North Carolina but not compulsory are vaccina- tions against West Nile virus and Eastern equine encephalomyelitis. All horses must be dewormed with a designated anthel- mintic prior to arriving at TIEC. Domestic horses must have negative Coggins (for equine infectious anemia, or EIA) and piroplasmosis tests. The Euro- pean horses must test negative for EIA, dourine, and glanders. Veterinarians must document all of this, of course, on the ap- propriate forms and health certificates. The PAQ occurs at designated quaran- tine facilities, with the duration depend- ing on where the horse came from, why it's being imported, and how long it's staying. This enables officials from USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspec- tion Service, which controls imports and exports over U.S. borders, to monitor for foreign animal diseases that might put our domestic herds at risk. For the 2018 WEG, horses from Australia, the EU, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Russia, and a few other coun- tries need only complete a three-day PAQ. Horses from Asia, much of the Middle East, and South America require a seven- day PAQ. The unluckiest competitors— from countries affected by African horse sickness—must be quarantined for 60 days before they can be released to the competition venue. "The length of quarantine is established by the USDA based on knowledge of the equestrian population and common con- ditions seen in each country," says Anne Baskett, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, practitioner at Tryon Equine Hospital and 2018 WEG Veterinary Services manager along with Bill Hay, DVM, Dipl. ACVS. She says the EU horses will complete PAQ at a USDA-supervised facility at TIEC. USDA and FEI veterinarians will examine each horse and perform blood tests before their departure and again on arrival. "Health exams, tick checks, and temperature monitoring are performed throughout the quarantine period," she says. They'll remove any horse diagnosed with an infectious disease from the venue and isolate it at one of the nearby clinics. BYOF (Bring Your Own Feed) Some national federations might choose to do just that, but regulations and permit requirements by the FDA, USDA, FEI, and North Carolina De- partment of Agriculture are stringent. COURTESY DIRK CAREMANS/FEI Horses flying in from out of the country must arrive at one of four designated points of entry and complete a mandatory post-arrival quarantine before being permitted to enter the competition stables. Coming to AMERICA

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